Madrid Protocol

Madrid Protocol International Registration of Marks The Madrid system for the international registration of marks established in 1891 functions under the Madrid Agreement and the Madrid Protocol. The Madrid System is a convenient and cost-effective solution for...

Nice Agreement

Nice Agreement International Classification of Goods and Services The Nice Agreement establishes a classification of goods and services for the purposes of registering trademarks and service marks. The Nice Classification consists of a list of 34 classes for goods and...

Rwanda

Rwanda Trade Marks & Patents Rwanda Trade Marks Rwanda is a first to use country and whomever first uses a particular trade mark gets the rights. Rwanda recognises the goods and services classes from the Nice Classification and allows for multi-class...

Algeria

Algeria Trade Marks & Patents Algeria Trade Marks Algeria is a first to file country and  trade mark registration is mandatory to be granted rights over a mark. Algeria recognises the goods and services classes from the Nice Classification and allows for...

Egypt

Egypt Trade Marks & Patents Egypt Trade Marks Egypt is a first to file country and whomever first files a particular trade mark gets the rights. Egypt recognises the goods and services classes from the Nice Classification and allows for multi-class filing. Egypt...

Ethiopia

Ethipoia Trade Marks & Patents Ethiopia Trade Marks Kenya is a first to use country and whomever first uses a particular trade mark gets the rights. Ethiopia recognises the goods and services classes from the Nice Classification and allows for multi-class...

Namibia

Namibia Trade Marks & Patents Namibia Trade Marks Namibia is a first to file country and  trade mark registration is mandatory to be granted rights over a mark. Namibia recognises the goods and services classes from the Nice Classification and allows for...

Nigeria

Nigeria Trade Marks & Patents Nigeria Trade Marks Nigeria recognises the goods and services classes from the Nice Classification and allows for multi-class filing. Nigeria trade marks are valid for 7 years from the filing date and renewable for further periods of...

South Africa

South Africa Trade Marks & Patents South Africa Trade Marks South Africa is a first to use country and whomever first uses a particular trade mark gets the rights. South Africa recognises the goods and services classes from the Nice Classification and allows for...