Paris Convention

The Protection of Industrial Property

The Paris Convention applies to industrial property in the widest sense, including patents, marks, industrial designs, utility models, trade names, geographical indications and the repression of unfair competition. The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property was signed in Paris, France, on March 20, 1883, and was one of the first intellectual property treaties. It established a Union for the protection of industrial property. The Convention is still in force. The substantive provisions of the Paris Convention fall into three main categories: national treatment, right of priority, common rules.

Priority Right

The Paris Convention Priority Right was also established by Article 4 of this treaty and provides that an applicant from one contracting State shall be able to use its first filing date as the effective filing date in another contracting State, provided that the applicant files another application within 6 months (for industrial designs and trademarks) or 12 months (for patents and utility models) from the first filing.

Paris Convention Contracting Countries:

United Arab Emirates
Antigua and Barbuda
Albania
Armenia
Angola
Austria
Australia
Azerbaijan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Barbados
Belgium
Burkina Faso
Bulgaria
Bahrain
Benin
Brunei Darussalam
Brazil
Botswana
Belarus
Belize
Canada
Central African Republic
Congo
Switzerland
Côte d’Ivoire
Chile
Cameroon
China
Colombia
Costa Rica
Cuba
Cyprus
Czechia
Germany
Djibouti
Denmark
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Algeria
Ecuador
Estonia
Egypt
Spain
Finland
France
Gabon
United Kingdom
Grenada
Georgia
Ghana
Gambia
Guinea
Equatorial Guinea
Greece
Guatemala
Guinea-Bissau
Honduras
Croatia
Hungary
Indonesia
Ireland
Israel
India
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iceland
Italy
Jordan
Japan
Kenya
Kyrgyzstan
Cambodia
Comoros
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
Republic of Korea
Kuwait
Kazakhstan
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Saint Lucia
Liechtenstein
Sri Lanka
Liberia
Lesotho
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Latvia
Libya
Morocco
Monaco
Republic of Moldova
Montenegro
Madagascar
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Mali
Mongolia
Mauritania
Malta
Malawi
Mexico
Malaysia
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Nicaragua
Netherlands
Norway
New Zealand
Oman
Panama
Peru
Papua New Guinea
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar 
Romania
Serbia
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saudi Arabia
Seychelles
Sudan
Sweden
Singapore
Slovenia
Slovakia
Sierra Leone
San Marino
Senegal
Sao Tome and Principe
El Salvador
Syrian Arab Republic
Eswatini
Chad
Togo
Thailand
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Tunisia
Turkey
Trinidad and Tobago
United Republic of Tanzania
Ukraine2
Uganda
United States of America
Uzbekistan
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Viet Nam  
South Africa
Zambia
Zimbabwe

 

Patents

Patents protect the underlying Invention of an Article:
Processes or methods for producing a results, Gadgets (Non-Electronic, electronic, electrical, mechanical), Machines, Manufactured Articles, New Compositions, Biotechnology (Medical, Scientific or Microbiological Processes), and Chemical or Pharmaceutical Compounds.

Industrial Designs

Registered Designs protect the appearance of an Article:
The distinct shape and design of Devices, Gadgets, Machines and / or Products such as Vehicle Parts, Tyres, Shoes, Clothing, Appliances, Stationary, Mobile Phones, Handbags, Furniture.

Trade Marks

Trade Marks protect the identity of your Brand:
Names, Logos, Slogans, Three-dimensional Marks, Colors, Holograms, Motions / Multimedia, Positions, Gestures, Olfactory (smells / scents), Sounds / Tunes, Tastes, Textures.

Copyright

Copyright protects original works that were created by an Author:
Literary Works (novels, poems, textbooks, letters, reports, lectures, speeches), Musical Works, Artistic Works (paintings, sculptures, drawings, photographs), Cinematograph Films / Videos, Sound Recordings, Broadcasts , Programme-carrying Signals, Published Editions of Books, and Computer Programs.