The Protection of Industrial Property
The Paris Convention applies to industrial property in the widest sense, including patents, marks, industrial designs, utility models, trade names, geographical indications and the repression of unfair competition. The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property was signed in Paris, France, on March 20, 1883, and was one of the first intellectual property treaties. It established a Union for the protection of industrial property. The Convention is still in force. The substantive provisions of the Paris Convention fall into three main categories: national treatment, right of priority, common rules.
The Paris Convention Priority Right was also established by Article 4 of this treaty and provides that an applicant from one contracting State shall be able to use its first filing date as the effective filing date in another contracting State, provided that the applicant files another application within 6 months (for industrial designs and trademarks) or 12 months (for patents and utility models) from the first filing.
Paris Convention Contracting Countries:
|United Arab Emirates|
|Antigua and Barbuda|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Central African Republic|
|Iran (Islamic Republic of)|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis|
|Democratic People’s Republic of Korea|
|Republic of Korea|
|Lao People’s Democratic Republic|
|Republic of Moldova|
|The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia|
|Papua New Guinea|
|Sao Tome and Principe|
|Syrian Arab Republic|
|Trinidad and Tobago|
|United Republic of Tanzania|
|United States of America|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines|
Patents protect the underlying Invention of an Article:
Processes or methods for producing a results, Gadgets (Non-Electronic, electronic, electrical, mechanical), Machines, Manufactured Articles, New Compositions, Biotechnology (Medical, Scientific or Microbiological Processes), and Chemical or Pharmaceutical Compounds.
Registered Designs protect the appearance of an Article:
The distinct shape and design of Devices, Gadgets, Machines and / or Products such as Vehicle Parts, Tyres, Shoes, Clothing, Appliances, Stationary, Mobile Phones, Handbags, Furniture.
Trade Marks protect the identity of your Brand:
Names, Logos, Slogans, Three-dimensional Marks, Colors, Holograms, Motions / Multimedia, Positions, Gestures, Olfactory (smells / scents), Sounds / Tunes, Tastes, Textures.
Copyright protects original works that were created by an Author:
Literary Works (novels, poems, textbooks, letters, reports, lectures, speeches), Musical Works, Artistic Works (paintings, sculptures, drawings, photographs), Cinematograph Films / Videos, Sound Recordings, Broadcasts , Programme-carrying Signals, Published Editions of Books, and Computer Programs.