NIGERIA Intellectual Property

Patent Attorneys Nigeria | Trademark Registrations

Smit & Van Wyk, Inc. Intellectual Property law firm and intellectual property agent for Africa, including Nigeriadeals exclusively with patent and trademark law. Our qualified and experienced intellectual property lawyers are able to give you the best legal advice regarding your patents and trademarks in most African countries. Our fields of practice encompass all aspects relating to patents, design, copyright and trademarks. 

Patents  •  Designs  •  Trade Marks
The Federal Republic of Nigeria is a country located in West Africa. Nigeria has one of the world’s highest economic growth rates but poverty still remains significant at 33.1%. With 186 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the 7th most populous country in the world. Nigeria is considered to be an emerging market by the World Bank. Nigeria is a member of the MINT group of countries, which are widely seen as the globe’s next “BRIC-like” economies.

Trade Marks

Nice Classification ✓
Madrid System ✘
Multi-class Applications ✘

Registration Timetable:
From Filing to Registration, 12 – 36 months.

Duration and Renewal:
Every 14 years, from the 7th anniversary of filing date.

Nigeria is a First to File country
(whomever first FILES a particular trade mark gets the rights)



Paris Convention ✓
Examination ✘

Registration Timetable:
Complete Patent, 12 – 18 Months.

Duration and Renewal:
20 years from the date of filing or the PCT International filing date.
No possible extensions.



Paris Convention ✓
Locarno Classification ✘
Hague Agreement  ✘

Registration Timetable:
Registered Design, 12 – 18 Months.

Duration and Renewal:
Design patents have a duration of 15 years, with renewal fees every 5 years. No possible extensions.



Copyright does NOT have to be registered in Nigeria.

Literary, artistic and musical works the term is 70 years after the end of the year in which the author dies.
Films and photographs the term is 50 years after the end of the year in which the author dies.



Nigeria’s key economic sectors:
Agriculture, Oil, Services, Mining, Energy. Nigeria is a middle-income, mixed economy and emerging market, with expanding manufacturing, financial, service, communications, technology and entertainment sectors.

Nigeria is one of world’s largest producers of:
Cocoa, groundnuts (peanuts), rubber, and palm oil. Nigeria produces only about 2.7% of the world’s oil supply.

Main Export Partners (2016):
Liberia, Belguim, Ghana, United States, Italy, United Kingdom.

Main Import Partners (2016):
China, United States, India, Belgium, Netherlands.

Other African Countries Intellectual Property:

Angola Intellectual Property AgentThe Republic of Angola is the seventh-largest country in Africa, bordered by Namibia, the DRC and Zambia. The Economy of Angola is one of the fastest-growing in the world while recovering from 27 years of the civil war.

Botswana Intellectual Property AgentBotswana is a landlocked country in Southern Africa with up to 70% of its territory being the Kalahari Desert. Botswana is currently Africa’s oldest continuous democracy and adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September 1966. 

Egypt Intellectual Property Agent: The Arab Republic of Egypt, home of the colossal Pyramids and the Great Sphinx, is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel, Sudan and Libya. Egypt has one of the longest histories of any country, and one of the largest and most diversified economies in the Middle East.

Ethiopia Intellectual Property Agent: Ethiopia is the second-most populous country in Africa and used to be the 3rd poorest country in the world. The Ethiopian government is in the process of privatising many of the state-owned businesses and moving toward a market economy.

Namibia Intellectual Property AgentNamibia is one of the most fascinating countries in the world but is still a developing country due to income inequality. Namibia has been an independent country since 1990 when it earned sovereignty from South Africa. 

Nigeria Intellectual Property Agent: The Federal Republic of Nigeria is a country located in West Africa. Nigeria has one of the world’s highest economic growth rates but poverty still remains significant at 33.1%. 

Rwanda Intellectual Property Agent: Rwanda, officially the Republic of Rwanda, is one of the smallest countries on the African continent and bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the DRC. 

South Africa Intellectual Property Agent: South Africa is a country on the southernmost tip of the African continent. South Africa has the 2nd largest economy in Africa (after Nigeria) and is one of most industrialised countries on the continent.