International Registration of Marks
The Madrid system for the international registration of marks established in 1891 functions under the Madrid Agreement and the Madrid Protocol. The Madrid Protocol is administered by the International Bureau of WIPO located in Geneva, Switzerland. Protecting your Trade Marks Worldwide.The Madrid System is a convenient and cost-effective solution for registering and managing trade marks worldwide. Applicants may select Contracting Parties in which they’s like to protect their mark, or expand the geographical scope of your international registration under the Madrid System at a later time.
The Madrid Union currently has 102 members, covering 118 countries. These members represent more than 80% of world trade, with potential for expansion as membership grows.
Madrid Protocol contracting countries:
|African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI)|
|Antigua and Barbuda|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Democratic People’s Republic of Korea|
|Iran (Islamic Republic of)|
|Lao People’s Democratic Republic|
|Republic of Korea|
|Republic of Moldova|
|Sao Tome and Principe|
|The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia|
|United States of America|
Registered Designs protect the appearance of an Article:
The distinct shape and design of Devices, Gadgets, Machines and / or Products such as Vehicle Parts, Tyres, Shoes, Clothing, Appliances, Stationary, Mobile Phones, Handbags, Furniture.
Patents protect the underlying Invention of an Article:
Processes or methods for producing a results, Gadgets (Non-Electronic, electronic, electrical, mechanical), Machines, Manufactured Articles, New Compositions, Biotechnology (Medical, Scientific or Microbiological Processes), and Chemical or Pharmaceutical Compounds.
Trade Marks protect the identity of your Brand:
Names, Logos, Slogans, Three-dimensional Marks, Colors, Holograms, Motions / Multimedia, Positions, Gestures, Olfactory (smells / scents), Sounds / Tunes, Tastes, Textures.
Copyright protects original works that were created by an Author:
Literary Works (novels, poems, textbooks, letters, reports, lectures, speeches), Musical Works, Artistic Works (paintings, sculptures, drawings, photographs), Cinematograph Films / Videos, Sound Recordings, Broadcasts , Programme-carrying Signals, Published Editions of Books, and Computer Programs.