Locarno Agreement

International Classification for Industrial Designs

The Locarno Agreement establishes a classification for industrial designs, from which the contracting states must indicate the classes and subclasses to which designs belong. This must also be done in any publication the offices issue in respect of the deposit or registration of industrial designs. The Agreement is open to States party to the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. The Locarno Classification comprises an alphabetical list of goods which constitute industrial designs, with an indication of the classes and subclasses into which they fall. The 11th edition of the Locarno Classification entered into force in January 2017, and replaces all previous editions.

Countries / Organisations that use the Locarno Classification:

Contracting Countries
OAPI
ARIPO
BOIP
EUIPO
International Bureau of WIPO
South Africa (not a contracting country)

Locarno Agreement Contracting Countries:

Albania
Algeria
Argentina
Armenia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
China
Croatia
Cuba
Czech Republic
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Guinea
Holy See
Hungary
Iceland
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kyrgyzstan
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Luxembourg
Malawi
Mexico
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Tajikistan
Trinidad and Tobago
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Industrial Designs

Registered Designs protect the appearance of an Article:
The distinct shape and design of Devices, Gadgets, Machines and / or Products such as Vehicle Parts, Tyres, Shoes, Clothing, Appliances, Stationary, Mobile Phones, Handbags, Furniture.

Patents

Patents protect the underlying Invention of an Article:
Processes or methods for producing a results, Gadgets (Non-Electronic, electronic, electrical, mechanical), Machines, Manufactured Articles, New Compositions, Biotechnology (Medical, Scientific or Microbiological Processes), and Chemical or Pharmaceutical Compounds.

Trade Marks

Trade Marks protect the identity of your Brand:
Names, Logos, Slogans, Three-dimensional Marks, Colors, Holograms, Motions / Multimedia, Positions, Gestures, Olfactory (smells / scents), Sounds / Tunes, Tastes, Textures.

Copyright

Copyright protects original works that were created by an Author:
Literary Works (novels, poems, textbooks, letters, reports, lectures, speeches), Musical Works, Artistic Works (paintings, sculptures, drawings, photographs), Cinematograph Films / Videos, Sound Recordings, Broadcasts , Programme-carrying Signals, Published Editions of Books, and Computer Programs.