Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works is an international agreement governing copyright accepted in Switzerland in 1886. The Berne Convention requires its signatories to recognize copyright works of other members of the Berne Union in the same way as it recognizes the copyright of its own nationals. The Berne Convention authorizes countries to allow “fair” uses of copyrighted works in other publications or broadcasts.
The Berne Convention requires its member states to recognize the copyright of works from other member states in the same way it recognizes the copyright of its own nationals. The Berne Convention also requires member states to provide strong minimum standards for copyright law. Copyright must be automatic. It is prohibited to require formal registration for copyright. The copyright law of the country where copyright is claimed shall also be applied. Berne Convention authorizes countries to allow fair uses of copyrighted works in other publications or broadcasts.
Copyright Protection Duration
All works: a minimum term of at least 50 years after the author’s death. (except photographic and cinematographic)
Photography: a minimum term of 25 years from the year the photograph was created.
Cinematography: a minimum of 50 years after first showing or 50 years after creation if it hasn’t been shown within 50 years after the creation.
Berne Convention Contracting Countries:
|Antigua and Barbuda|
|Bolivia (Plurinational State of)|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Central African Republic|
|Democratic People’s Republic of Korea|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo|
|Lao People’s Democratic Republic|
|Micronesia (Federated States of)|
|Republic of Korea|
|Republic of Moldova|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines|
|Sao Tome and Principe|
|Syrian Arab Republic|
|Trinidad and Tobago|
|United Arab Emirates|
|United Republic of Tanzania|
|United States of America|
|Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)|
|the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia|
Copyright protects original works that were created by an Author:
Literary Works (novels, poems, textbooks, letters, reports, lectures, speeches), Musical Works, Artistic Works (paintings, sculptures, drawings, photographs), Cinematograph Films / Videos, Sound Recordings, Broadcasts , Programme-carrying Signals, Published Editions of Books, and Computer Programs.
Patents protect the underlying Invention of an Article:
Processes or methods for producing a results, Gadgets (Non-Electronic, electronic, electrical, mechanical), Machines, Manufactured Articles, New Compositions, Biotechnology (Medical, Scientific or Microbiological Processes), and Chemical or Pharmaceutical Compounds.
Trade Marks protect the identity of your Brand:
Names, Logos, Slogans, Three-dimensional Marks, Colors, Holograms, Motions / Multimedia, Positions, Gestures, Olfactory (smells / scents), Sounds / Tunes, Tastes, Textures.
Registered Designs protect the appearance of an Article:
The distinct shape and design of Devices, Gadgets, Machines and / or Products such as Vehicle Parts, Tyres, Shoes, Clothing, Appliances, Stationary, Mobile Phones, Handbags, Furniture.