Trademark laws are set out in different trademark acts which generally describe marks in relation to goods/services for the purpose of distinguishing the goods/services from others. Trademarks may be registered with the relevant intellectual property office of each African country, ARIPO or OAPI.

The Madrid System

The Madrid System is a solution for registering and managing marks worldwide.  File a single application (in one language) and pay one set of fees to protect your mark in the territories of it’s members.  The Madrid Union is made up of contracting parties to the Madrid Agreement and the Madrid Protocol. Manage your portfolio of trademarks through a centralised system.  The Madrid Union currently has 97 members, covering 113 countries. These members represent more than 80% of world trade. WIPO conducts a formal examination of the application but contracting parties may have specific requirements and procedures regarding applications, registrations or designations through the Madrid System.

Other Trademark Laws / Acts

ANGOLA
Law No. 3/92 of February 28, 1992, on Industrial Property.
Competition, Enforcement of IP and Related Laws, Geographical Indications, Industrial Designs, Industrial Property, Patents (Inventions), Trade Names, Trademarks, Transfer of Technology, Undisclosed Information (Trade Secrets), Utility Models

ARIPO
The Banjul Protocol came into force on 6 March 1997. States currently party to the Banjul Protocol are: Botswana, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Namibia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda and Zimbabwe. (Total: 9 States.) Compatible with the TRIPs Agreement and the Trademark Law.

EGYPT
Trademark Law Treaty (TLT).
To streamline national and regional trademark registration procedures. This is achieved through the simplification of certain features of those procedures, thus making trademark applications and the administration of trademark registrations in multiple jurisdictions less complex and more predictable.

KENYA
Trade Marks Act (Chapter 506) (consolidated version of 2002).
Enforcement of IP and Related Laws, Geographical Indications, IP Regulatory Body, Trademarks

MAURITIUS
Patents, Industrial Designs and Trademarks Act 2002.
The exclusive right to any mark, shall be acquired by registration in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

NIGERIA
Trade Marks Act (Chapter 436).
Enforcement of IP and Related Laws, IP Regulatory Body, Trade Names, Trademarks.

OAPI
Bangui Agreement of March 2, 1977. States currently party to the Bangui Agreement are: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo Brazzaville, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal and Togo.

SOUTH AFRICA
Trade Marks Act 194 of 1993.
Enforcement of IP and Related Laws, Geographical Indications, IP Regulatory Body, Trademarks

ZAMBIA
The Trade Marks Act (Chapter 401).
Enforcement of IP and Related Laws, IP Regulatory Body, Trademarks

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