The Protection of Industrial Property: The Paris Convention applies to industrial property in the widest sense, including patents, marks, industrial designs, utility models, trade names, geographical indications and the repression of unfair competition. The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property was signed in Paris, France, on March 20, 1883, and was one of the first intellectual property treaties. It established a Union for the protection of industrial property. The Convention is still in force. The substantive provisions of the Paris Convention fall into three main categories: national treatment, right of priority, common rules.
The Paris Convention Priority Right was also established by Article 4 of this treaty and provides that an applicant from one contracting State shall be able to use its first filing date as the effective filing date in another contracting State, provided that the applicant files another application within 6 months (for industrial designs and trademarks) or 12 months (for patents and utility models) from the first filing.