NIGERIA

Patents  •  Designs  •  Trade Marks
The Federal Republic of Nigeria is a country located in West Africa. Nigeria has one of the world’s highest economic growth rates but poverty still remains significant at 33.1%. With 186 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the 7th most populous country in the world. Nigeria is considered to be an emerging market by the World Bank. Nigeria is a member of the MINT group of countries, which are widely seen as the globe’s next “BRIC-like” economies.

Trade Marks

Nice Classification ✓
Madrid System ✘
Multi-class Applications ✘
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Registration Timetable:
From Filing to Registration, 12 – 36 months.

Duration and Renewal:
Every 14 years, from the 7th anniversary of filing date.

Nigeria is a First to File country
(whomever first FILES a particular trade mark gets the rights)

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Patents

Paris Convention ✓
PCT ✓
Examination ✘
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Registration Timetable:
Complete Patent, 12 – 18 Months.

Duration and Renewal:
20 years from the date of filing or the PCT International filing date.
No possible extensions.

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Designs

Paris Convention ✓
Locarno Classification ✘
Hague Agreement  ✘
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Registration Timetable:
Registered Design, 12 – 18 Months.

Duration and Renewal:
Design patents have a duration of 15 years, with renewal fees every 5 years. No possible extensions.

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Copyright

Copyright does NOT have to be registered in Nigeria.

Duration:
Literary, artistic and musical works the term is 70 years after the end of the year in which the author dies.
Films and photographs the term is 50 years after the end of the year in which the author dies.

Renewal:
None

Economy

Nigeria’s key economic sectors:
Agriculture, Oil, Services, Mining, Energy. Nigeria is a middle-income, mixed economy and emerging market, with expanding manufacturing, financial, service, communications, technology and entertainment sectors.

Nigeria is one of world’s largest producers of:
Cocoa, groundnuts (peanuts), rubber, and palm oil. Nigeria produces only about 2.7% of the world’s oil supply.

Main Export Partners (2016):
Liberia, Belguim, Ghana, United States, Italy, United Kingdom.

Main Import Partners (2016):
China, United States, India, Belgium, Netherlands.